Falcocladium S.F. Silveira, Alfenas, Crous & M.J. Wingf., in Crous, Wingfield, Alfenas & Silveira, Mycotaxon 50: 447 (1994)
Hypocreomycetidae, Falcocladiales, Falcocladiaceae, Falcocladium
Index Fungorum number: IF25800; Facesoffungi number: FoF 02108; 6 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020); 6 species with sequence data.
Saprobic on leaf litter, including leaves of Eucalyptus grandis and E. camaldulensis in tropical, terrestrial habitats. Sexual morph: Undetermined. Asexual morph: Hyphomycetous. Conidiomata hyaline, sporodochial or synnematal or penicillate, intermixed with setae, arising from a stroma or microsclerotia or prostrate mycelium. Setae cylindrical, thick and smooth-walled, hyaline, non-septate and terminating in variedly-shaped vesicles. Conidiophores subcylindical, hyaline, septate, branched, forming up to three series of branches per conidioma (primary, secondary and tertiary). Conidiogenous cells ampulliform, phialidic, arranged in 2–6 whorls, with elongate necks, with minute collarettes. Conidia trans- (1)-septate, hyaline, smooth-walled, falcate, guttulate, with short apical and basal appendages (adapted from Jones et al. 2014, Maharachchikumbura et al. 2016).
Type species: Falcocladium multivesiculatum S.F. Silveira, Alfenas, Crous & M.J. Wingf., Mycotaxon 50: 448 (1994)
Notes: Species of Falcocladium have so far been reported to occur on leaves. The species can be distinguished based on their setal vesicle shape (ellipsoidal, sphaerpedunculate or turbinate) and conidial dimensions. Phylogenetically, they are distinct from other genera in the Hypocreomycetidae and form a monophyletic clade (Jones et al. 2014).
Species illustrated in this entry:
Falcocladium multivesiculatum S.F. Silveira, Alfenas, Crous & M.J. Wingf.