Coronophorales » Coronophoraceae



Coronophora Fuckel, Fungi rhenani exsic., fasc. 10: no. 961 (1864)

Hypocreomycetidae, Coronophorales, Coronophoraceae, Coronophora

Index Fungorum number: IF1253; Facesoffungi number: FoF 01381; 17 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2020), 2 species with sequence data.


Saprobic on plant stems or wood in terrestrial habitats, or parasitic on other fungi. Sexual morph: Ascomata perithecial, gregarious or solitary, superficial, black, semi-immersed becoming erumpent through bark of host, ovoid to subglobose, carbonaceous, tuberculate, glabrous or with hairs, laterally collapsing when dry, sometimes with a short neck with or without ostioles or quellkörper. Peridium carbonaceous or membranaceous, composed of three layers, outer layer comprising dark tissue, carbonaceous; middle layer comprising dark brown to brown cells of textura angularis, membranaceous and the inner layer comprising hyaline cells of textura prismatica, membranaceous. Paraphyses numerous, filamentous, septate, unbranched. Asci polysporous, unitunicate, thin-walled, clavate to cylindrical, long pedicellate, apex blunt, without a visible discharge mechanism. Ascospores crowded, hyaline, cylindrical to allantoid, slightly curved, aseptate, smooth-walled, mostly with guttules. Asexual morph: Undetermined (Hyde et al. 2020).


Type species: Coronophora gregaria Fuckel, Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23-24: 229 (1870) [1869-70]


Notes: Coronophora is characterized by tuberculate ascomata with polysporous asci and tiny, allantoid, hyaline ascospores. Coronophora gregaria is illustrated in this entry. Sphaeria gregaria is synonym of Coronophora gregaria and occurs on dead wood in Europe and America (Fuckel 1870, Mugambi & Huhndorf 2010). The sequences of tef1 and rpb2 of C. gregaria (ANM1555) were provided by Mugambi & Huhndorf (2010).




Species illustrated in this entry:

Coronophora gregaria Fuckel





Fuckel L. 1870 – Symbolae mycologicae. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Rheinischen Pilze. Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde 23–24, 1–459

Hyde KD, Norphanphoun C, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Bhat DJ et al. 2020 – Refined families of Sordariomycetes. Mycosphere 11, 305–1059

Mugambi GK, Huhndorf SM. 2010 – Multigene phylogeny of the Coronophorales: morphology and new species in the order. Mycologia 102, 185–210


About Sordariomycetes

The webpage Sordariomycetes provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the class Sordariomycetes.


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