Sordaria Ces. & De Not., Comm. Soc. crittog. Ital. 1(fasc. 4): 225 (1863)
Sordariomycetidae, Sordariales, Sordariaceae, Sordaria
Saprobic on wood, on dung and rotting vegetation in terrestrial habitats. Sexual morph: Ascomata brown to black, perithecial, gregarious or scattered, solitary, superficial or subimmersed, subglobose to ovoid, membranaceous, or tuberculate, with setae or hairs, papillate or ostiole or indistinct, with hyaline periphyses or periphyses absent. Peridium containing brown to hyaline cells of textura angularis, thick (10– 30 μm), globulosa or prismatica, membranaceous. Hamathecium containing numerous, septate, filiform pseudoparaphyses or pseudoparaphyses absent. Asci 8- spored, unitunicate, thin-walled, cylindrical to clavate, pedicellate, with apical ring or apical ring instinct, not amyloid. Ascospores hyaline, brown or dark brown, oval to ellipsoid, 0–1-septate, concolourous, smooth-walled, with reticulate pattern or with sheath, with or without germ pores, appendages present or absent, with or without guttules. Asexual morph: Undetermined (adapted from Maharachchikumbura et al. 2016).
Type species: Sordaria fimicola (Roberge ex Desm.) Ces. & De Not., Comm. Soc. crittog. Ital. 1(fasc. 4): 226 (1863)
Notes: This mainly coprophilous genus has perithecial ascomata, cylindrical asci and brown ascospores, some with appendages, sheaths and/or pores and may also be saprobic on wood (Barr 1990, Maharachchikumbura et al. 2016). Species such as S. fimicola occur on herbaceous plants, wood and soil (Lundqvist 1972, Chambers & De Wet 1987, Alma et al. 2000, Kavak 2012, Ivanová 2015). A new species, S. clematidis, was recently introduced from the UK on Clematis by Phukhamsakda et al. (2020).
Species illustrated in this entry:
Sordaria fimicola (Roberge ex Desm.) Ces. & De Not.
Alma MH, Dığrak M, Bektaş I. 2000 – Deterioration of wood wastes-based molding materials by using several fungi. J. Mat. Sci. Let 19, 1267–1269
Barr ME. 1990 – Prodromus to nonlichenized, pyrenomycetous members of class Hymenoascomycetes. Mycotaxon 39, 43–184
Chambers KR, De Wet DC. 1987 – Isolation of Sordaria fimicola from Maize Stalks. J. Phytopathol 120, 369–371
Ivanová H. 2015 – Sordaria fimicola (Ascomycota, Sordariales) on Acer palmatum. Folia oecologica 42, 67–71
Kavak H. 2012 – Some biological parmaters in Sordaria fimicola. Plant protection department 44, 1079–1082
Lundqvist N. 1972 – Nordic Sordariaceae s. lat. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalliensis 20, 1–374
Maharachchikumbura SSN, Hyde KD, Jones EBG, McKenzie EHC et al. 2016 – Families of Sordariomycetes. Fungal Diversity 79, 1–317
Phukhamsakda C, Hyde KD, McKenzie EH, Bhat DJ et al. 2020 – Study of fungi associated with Clematis L. (Ranunculaceae) and integrated approach to delimiting species boundaries. Fungal diversity 102, 1–203