Ciferriascosea Senan., Bhat, Camporesi & K.D. Hyde, in Senanayake et al., Fungal Diversity 73: 107 (2015)
Xylariomycetidae, Amphisphaeriales, Phlogicylindriaceae, Ciferriascosea
Saprobic on dead plant matter. Sexual morph: scattered, appear as black spots, slightly raised up on the host surface. Pseudostromata scattered, black, solitary, immersed. Ascomata scattered, brown to black, solitary, globose, coriaceous, ostiolate, papillate. Ostiolar papilla tiny, tapered, inner wall lined by hyaline periphyses. Peridium comprising outer, brown, thick-walled, layer of cells of textura angularis and inner, hyaline, thick-walled, layer of cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium containing hyaline paraphyses, filamentous, septate, branched. Asci 8-spored, unitunicate, cylindrical, short pedicellate, with an unclear, J+ apical apparatus. Ascospores overlapping uniseriate, hyaline, fusiform with barely rounded, ends, median uniseptate, slightly limited at the septum. Asexual morph: Undetermined (adapted from Senanayake et al. 2015).
Type species: Ciferriascosea rectamurum Senan., Bhat, Camporesi & K.D. Hyde [as 'Ciferriascosea rectimura'], in Senanayake et al., (2015)
Notes: Ciferriascosea was introduced to accommodate two sexual morph species Ciferriascosea fluctamurum and C. rectamurum occurring on Sparticum junceum, collected from Italy (Senanayake et al. 2015). They are characterized by having immersed, black pseudostromata, ostiolate and papillate ascomata that produce asci with an indistinct J+, apical ring, and hyaline, 1-septate, fusiform ascospores with narrowly rounded ends (Senanayake et al. 2015). Both species of Ciferriascosea were introduced based on LSU and ITS sequence data.
Species illustrated in this entry:
Ciferriascosea rectamurum Senan., Bhat, Camporesi & K.D. Hyde
Senanayake IC, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Hyde KD, Bhat JD et al. 2015 – Towards unraveling relationships in Xylariomycetidae (Sordariomycetes). Fungal Diversity 73, 73–144